Professional USB Cable Manufacturer Offering OEM & ODM Service in China

ascent solar technologies, inc. (asti)

by:ShunXinda      2019-09-09
Securities and Exchange Commission of the United States (Washington, DC)C.
20549______________________________________________________FORM10-
Sentence meaning:Mark One)
Annual reports submitted under sections 13 or 15 (d)
19-34 annual transition report under Articles 31, 2018 13 or 15 of the Securities Exchange Act for the fiscal year (d)
Document Number of 19-34 years Securities Trading Act on transition period from commission to commission001-
32919 sentence: upgrade the solar technology company(
The exact name of the registrant specified in the articles of association)
_______________________________________________________ Delaware20-3672603(
State or other jurisdiction of company or organization)(I. R. S.
Employee Identification Number)
12300 Thornton Grant Street, CO80241 (
Main executive office address)(Zip Code)
Registrant\'s phone number including area code: 720-872-
5000 securities registered under article (b)
Title of the act: each class name of each exchange registered for common stock, $0.
According to 12th section registered of cash cbb market securities face value 0001 (g)
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Well-known experienced issuers as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
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Indicate the registrant by checking the mark (1)
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Or a short period of time required for the registrant to submit such reports), and (2)
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This Chapter 405)
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YesoNoxAs of june30, 2018, the last working day of the second fiscal quarter recently completed by the registrant, the total market value of the common stock of the registrant held by the non-registrant
The subsidiary is about $3.
6 million according to the OTCBB Market, operated by OTC Markets Group Inc. , the registrant\'s common stock reported the final reported selling price on that date
As of 2019, there were 754,571 shares of our outstanding and outstanding common stock.
Catalogue of Solar Technology Co. , Ltd. Form 10-
K Financial Year Report, Table 1, 2018 ContentsPagePART iitem. BusinessItem1A.
Risk factor 1b.
Unresolved employee reviewsProperty item3.
Legal ProceedingsItem4.
Part 3: mine safety
The market in which the registrant\'s common stock, related shareholder matters and the issuer purchase equity securities.
Selected Financial Data 7.
Management Discussion and Analysis of the financial status and results of the operating website 7a.
Quantitative and qualitative disclosure on the market riskitem8.
Financial statements and supplementary data 9.
Changes and disagreements with accountants on accounting and financial disclosure project 9a.
Control and procedures.
Iiiitem 10, other information section.
Directors, executives and corporate governance
Perform CompensationItem12.
Security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management and related shareholders mattersitem13.
Certain relationships and related party transactions, as well as independent programs for directors 14.
Main accounting fees and service fees
Annex, schedule 16 of the financial statements. Form 10-
K summary signature for content forwarding-
This annual report on Form 10
K includes \"forwarding-
\"Forward-looking statements\" involving risks and uncertainties \". Forward-
Forward-looking statements include statements about our plans, objectives, strategies, future events, future net sales or performance, capital expenditures, financing needs, plans or intentions related to acquisitions, business trends and other information that are not historical information, in particular, appear under the heading, including \"Management\'s Discussion and Analysis of the financial position and results of operations\" and \"business \".
When words such as \"estimate\", \"expectation\", \"project\", \"plan\", \"intention\", \"belief\" are used in this annual report, the words \"forecast\", \"forecast\", \"possible\", \"should\", \"target\" or variants of similar expressions are intended to identify forward-
Look at the report. All forward-
The outlook statements are prepared based on the information we have obtained on the date of this annual report. These forward-
Forward-looking statements are influenced by risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, which may lead to significant differences in actual results from the results of forward-looking discussions
The outlook statements, including, among other things, the matters discussed in the section of this annual report winning the bid entitled \"risk factors\" and \"Management\'s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Position and operational results.
\"The factors that you should consider that lead to these differences are: our limited operating history and lack of profitability;
Our ability to develop product requirements and sales;
Our ability to attract and retain qualified people to implement our business plan and company development strategy;
Our ability to develop sales, marketing and distribution capabilities;
We are able to successfully develop and maintain strategic relationships with key partners including OEMs, system integrators, distributors, retailers and e-commerce
A commercial company that deals directly with end users of our target market;
The accuracy of our estimates and forecasts;
We have the ability to get additional financing to fund our short positionsterm and long-
Financial needs;
Maintain the ability of our common stock to be listed in the OTCBB market;
The commencement or outcome of a legal action against us or against us, including the ongoing ligation action;
Changes in our business plan or company strategy;
To what extent can we effectively manage our business growth both at home and abroad, whether directly owned or indirectly owned by license;
Supply, availability and price of equipment, components and raw materials, including the components needed to produce our photovoltaic modules;
Our ability to expand and protect intellectual property portfolios related to consumer electronics, photovoltaic modules and processes;
Our ability to implement remedial measures to address major deficiencies in internal control;
General economic and commercial conditions, in particular the specific conditions of the consumer electronics and solar power generation industries;
Other risks and uncertainties are discussed in more detail in the section titled \"Risk Factors.
\"There may be other factors that can lead to significant differences between our actual results and those mentioned in the previous article --
Look at the report.
We have no obligation to update or modify it publicly-
Looking for statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances after the date, or to reflect the occurrence of an accident, unless required by law.
\"We\", \"rising Solar\" or \"Company\" mentioned in this annual report mean rising Solar Technology Co. , Ltd.
Table ContentsPART iitem 1.
In October 2005, businessusiness OverviewAscent was established as a stage of development of flexible photovoltaic commercialism (“PV”)
Modules using our proprietary film technology.
The technology was originally developed at ITN energy systems. (“ITN”)
It starts on 1994 and is then assigned to us and licensed.
Multi-layer materials have been deposited in our proprietary manufacturing process, including high-efficiency copper filmsindium-gallium-diselenide (“CIGS”)
Semiconductor material, on flexible, lightweight, high-tech plastic substrates using coilsto-
In the process known as the overall integration, the rolling manufacturing process is followed by laser mapping of layers to create interconnected photovoltaic cells or photovoltaic modules.
We believe that our unique technology and manufacturing processes, which will lead to a lighter, flexible and durable package of components, provide us with unique market opportunities compared to the main trends in development. “c-Si”)
Photovoltaic manufacturers currently leading the PV market, as well as other thin film photovoltaic manufacturers using substrate materials such as glass, stainless steel or other metals heavier and harder than plastic.
We believe that the use of CIGS on flexible, durable, lightweight, high-tech plastic substrates will allow our PV modules to be uniquely and seamlessly integrated into a variety of applications such as aerospace, defense, transportation, electronics and other products and applications that may arise.
For markets that attach great importance to weight, such as defense, space, near space and aviation, we believe our materials provide attractive electricity growthto-
The weight ratio, our materials have higher powerto-
Area ratio and voltage-to-
More flexible than competitive photovoltaic film technology.
These metrics will be crucial as we position ourselves to compete in challenging high-value markets, such as aerospace, where Ascent Solar products can be integrated into satellites,
Wing drone (\"UAV\").
Product history March 2008 we demonstrated the initial operational capabilities of our first production line by starting production trials as an end-to-end integration process.
The initial operating capacity production test resulted in an average efficiency of 9 for thin film devices.
Overall integration module efficiency for small areas of 5% and more. 0%.
During the 2008 period, the optimization test resulted in the efficiency of the film device of 9. 5% to 11.
5% range in 7 and corresponding module efficiency. 0% to 9. 0% range.
The test module is 30 centimeters long and 15 centimeters wide.
In the first quarter of 2009, we started limited production of a single integrated flexible CIGS module on the initial production line.
At that time, our main business model was based on the mass production of solar modules of different lengths, sizes and configurations.
We provide sample modules for potential customers and development partners across industries to explore integrating our products into new applications.
In July 2009, we received independent verification from the United States. S.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory of the Ministry of Energy (“NREL”)
Our module measured 10.
Conversion efficiency 4%.
The module tested in NREL is about 15 centimeters wide and about 30 centimeters long.
In October 2009, NREL further validated the achievements of our 14-year manufacturing milestone.
The battery efficiency is 0% and the peak efficiency is 11.
CIGS module 4%
Later, in December 2010, we achieved 12.
The module efficiency of the same shape is 1%.
In October 2010, we completed the internal qualification test for successfully passing the 1,000 strict standard flexible packaging solution (1,000)
Hot and humid test time (
Relative humidity 85%, temperature 85 °c)
Guidelines developed by the International Electrical Commission (“IEC”)
61646 standard for performance and long-term reliability of thin film solar modules.
In February 2010, our three product configurations were certified by independent laboratories for a variety of products in the United States. S.
Ministry of Defense (“DOD”)
Strong standards known as MIL-STD-810G.
In October 2010, we completed the full external certification under IEC 2 m in the independent laboratory of the 61646 module.
To realize this certification as the integration of building materials (\"BIPV\")
Building application photovoltaic (\"BAPV\")
For applications in the commercial, industrial and residential roof markets.
When we launch new products and make changes or improvements to the products we have already certified, the certification activity will continue as needed.
In 2010, we received an award from R & D Magazine and were recognized as one of the 100 most innovative technologies based on our monolithic integration process on pi substrates.
In 2011, Time magazine named us one of the 50 best inventions of the year.
Ascent Solar won the second R & D 100 Award in 2015.
The 2015 prize is for the development of milparker. ™A military platformgrade (MIL-STD-810G tested)
Fully integrated solar power generation and storage units combined with maximum peak power tracking (MPPT)
Management System.
The MilPak platform is one of the most robust but lightweight power generation and storage solutions available, both of which are achieved by using Ascent\'s CIGS technology.
1 ContentsIn 2012 table, we develop our business model to include B2C, solution-based photovoltaic integrated consumer electronics, and our off-grid high-value solar power generation strategy.
In June of 2012, we launched a new consumer goods series under EnerPlex™Brand and launched our first product, Surfr™;
Apple\'s battery and solar enclosure®IPhone®4/4S smartphone
Optical CIGS film technology directly integrated in the chassis.
This case contains our super.
Package the light and thin photovoltaic components into a smooth, protective iPhone 4/4S case, as well as a thin, long life lithium-Polymer batteries.
The IPhone smartphone is the smallest in weight and size, but provides supplementary charging when needed.
On August, 2012, we announced the launch of the second edition of Surfr Samsung. ®Galaxy S®III, additional battery life of 85% can be provided.
We launched EnerPlex Kickr in December 2012™And EnerPlex Jumpr™Product range.
Kickr IV is an extremely portable, compact and durable solar charging device that folds around 7 inch by 7 inch and weighs less than half a pound.
Kickr IV offers 6.
The 5-watt adjustable power can be charged for mobile phones, digital cameras, and other small devices that support USB.
Kickr IV is ideal for outdoor activities such as camping, hiking, mountain climbing and daily urban use.
In order to cooperate with Kickr 4, we also announced the 2012 Jumpr Series Portable Power Bank in December.
The Jumpr series provides a compact power storage solution for those who need to charge portable electronic devices on the go.
During the 2013 period, the EnerPlex brand expanded rapidly with the addition of two new product lines and more than 15 new products.
In 2013, we further supplement the Jumpr series of portable power bank;
The Jumpr Mini and Jumpr stack were released on August, and Jumpr Max was released on September.
The latest addition to the portable solar charger Kickr series, Kickr I and Kickr II, was launched at the Outdoor Retailer show in August.
On October 2013, we released our first series of solar integrated backpacks, EnerPlex Packr. ™.
Packr is a functional backpack that is perfect for charging mobile electronics on the go.
Also in October 20, the case of Surfr batteries and solar cells is Samsung Galaxy S. ®In December 2013, we launched Surfr battery and solar housing for Apple iPhone®5.
To complement our flagship product line, we have added a variety of accessories, all of which can be integrated into the EnerPlex ecosystem of the product;
The LED stick can easily be plugged into the Jumpr Power Supply Group to provide lighting for hours, or travel adapters, this allows consumers to charge their Jumpr power bank from traditional outlets anywhere in the world.
Starting from 2013, we actively seek new distribution channels for the EnerPlex brand;
These activities have led to a variety of high
Transportation e-commerce sites such as Www. amazon. com, www. walmart. com, www. brookstone. com, www. newegg.
Com, as well as many other websites including our own e-commerce
Business platform www. goenerplex. com.
Launched EnerPlex products at Fry\'s Electronics, a consumer Electronics retailer on the west coast of the United States in April 2013, representing the company\'s first retail business in China;
The 34 supermarkets in Fry have EnerPlex products in 9 states.
Throughout 2014, EnerPlex has released multiple add-ons for the Jumpr product line: including Jumpr stacks 3, 6, and 9;
Innovative battery with mini tether
The USB and Apple Lightning cables have revolutionary stacking and charging designs that can be charged at the same time when the battery is put together.
The Jumpr Slate series was also released in 2014. The product broke the limit of battery thickness;
Jumpr Slate 10 k with a thickness of less than 7mm is the thinnest lithium polymer battery available at release.
Jumpr Slate 5 k and 5 k lightning each has a tied Micro
USB and Lightning wire respectively;
Let consumers not worry about carrying extra cables on the go.
At 2014, an outdoor retailer, EnerPlex launched the Generatr series.
The Generatr 1200 and Generatr 100 are lithium-
Large format battery based on ion.
The Generatr series is lighter and smaller than its competitors, and is highly demanding-capacity, high-
Maintain an ultra high output batteryportable.
Command20 is a high-output solar charger first launched by outdoor retailers, specifically designed for integration and charging with the Generatr series, allows consumers to extend out time without charging from traditional power supplies.
In August 2014, Kickr II and IV were also announced, which represent another development of the production line for solar products;
The Kickr II and IV are integrated with the 500 mAh battery to provide a constant power flow even with intermittent interruptions in the sun.
During 2015, we reached an agreement with EVINE Live, a top family shopping network with TV shows, and more than 87 million American families started selling EnerPlex during the broadcast.
EnerPlex introduced Generatr 100 and specifically selected other products with EVINE, and EnerPlex also introduced Generatr 1200, which was launched exclusively with EVINE for a limited time.
In addition, during 2015, EnerPlex expanded its relationship with cellular connectivity, including more than 450 Verizon Wireless premium retail stores;
Cooperate with two world-renowned retailers to launch products;
Sports Authority and Cabela\'s;
Launch products with GovX;
Top online shopping destinations for military, law enforcement and government agencies.
In the world, EnerPlex products are listed in the UK through the launch of the brand, with 172 Maplin stores nationwide.
2 ContentsIn 2016 table, EnerPlex launched a new emergency sales vertical platform, working with emergency Essentials, e-commerce leader in emergency preparedness, we announced a new breakthrough in the company\'s high-end products
Voltage solar products for high
Height and space market.
Also in 2016, the company announced the launch of selected products on the GSA Advantage website;
Federal employees, including members of all branches of the US military, are allowed to purchase Ascent and EnerPlex products directly, including: MilPak E, commandr20, Kickr 4 and wave Sol™Solar modules.
Ascent received a high supply in January 2017
Ultra-thin voltage
Movie cigs pv blanket.
These 50 W, fully laminated flexible blankets are manufactured using a new process for near-
In space conditions at high temperatures, the custom design facilitates modular integration into series and parallel configurations to achieve the required voltage and current required for such applications.
On February 2017, Ascent announced the suspension of our EnerPlex consumer business and the sale of the EnerPlex brand and related intellectual property and trademarks to our battery product supplier Sun Pleasure Co. Limited (“SPCL”).
The completion of this transaction is to better allocate our resources and continue to focus on us in high school.
Special photovoltaic market.
Ascent will no longer produce or sell Enerplex after transfer-
Brand consumer goods.
Ascent will focus on its PV business and will provide solar PV products to SPCL to support the sustained growth of EnerPlex through Ascent\'s proprietary and awardwinning thin-
Thin film solar technology and products.
In the third quarter of 2017, energsolar was selected by Energizer to develop and supply solar panels for the power retention series of its solar products, and in November 2017, Ascent launched our next generation USB-
Portable power system based on XD™Series.
The first product launched is XD-
Like previous products, this is a folding, light-weight, easy-to-store photovoltaic system with USB power adjustment.
The portable power supply unique to this generation of photovoltaic is more photovoltaic power supply (12 Watts)and a 2.
0 amp Smart USB output with XD-enabled
Charge most smartphones, tablets and USB
Enable devices as quickly as wall sockets.
The enhanced Smart USB circuit works with the device to be charged so that the device can determine from XD-
12, and ensure the best possible charging performance directly from the sun.
Also in 2017, Ascent created a new micro for space customers.
Module, about 12. 8mm x 50mm (0. 5in x 2. 0in)
Ideal size for both Laboratories
Scale environmental testing and integrate into flight experiments for follow-up.
In February 2018, the company launched the second product in our XD series.
Durable compact Ascent XD-provides up to 48 watts of solar energy
48 solar charger is the ideal solution for charging many portable electronics
Power grid system. The XD-
The versatility of the 48 allows it to charge military and consumer electronics directly from the sun where needed. Like the XD-12, the XD-
The 48 has a compact and portable design for its rugged weather-
In the worst conditions, the sturdy structure is able to withstand impact, drop, damage, or even a slight puncture.
Ascent successfully shipped the lighter to a European customer in March 2018than-air, helium-
Based on our new super airship project
The light module of the substrate material is half the thickness of our standard module.
We continue to design and manufacture photovoltaic integrated consumer electronics and Portable Power Applications for commercial and military users.
Thanks to the overall integration of our technology adoption for high durability, the ability to customize modules into different shapes, and the industry-leading lightweight and flexibility our modules offer, we believe there are many potential applications for our products.
Commercial and manufacturing strategy we manufacture our products by pasting thin CIGS layers onto flexible plastic substrates using large format, rollersto-
The rolling process allows us to manufacture our flexible PV modules in integrated sequential operations.
We use proprietary holistic integration technology, which enables us to form a complete PV module with few or even no expensive back-end components connected between units.
Traditional PV manufacturers assemble photovoltaic modules by welding separate photovoltaic cells together.
This manufacturing step usually increases the manufacturing cost and sometimes is not conducive to the overall yield and reliability of the finished product.
By using our proprietary integrated technology as a whole to reduce or eliminate this additional step, we believe we can achieve cost savings in photovoltaic modules and improve their reliability.
We have installed all the tools needed to meet the short term production requirements at the Thornton plant in Colorado.
In 2012, we further revised our strategy to focus on the application of emerging markets and high-tech technologies
Focus on the special photovoltaic market, including off-grid, aerospace, military and defense, and consumer-oriented products.
We plan to continue to develop our current PV technology to improve module efficiency, improve manufacturing tools and process capabilities, and reduce manufacturing costs.
We also plan to continue to use the R & D contract to fund part of this development.
3 CIGS content advantage table on flexible plastic sub-layer thin film photovoltaic solution varies depending on the type of semiconductor material selected to be used as a sunlight absorption layer, and also on the substrate type attached to the sunlight absorption layer.
As far as we know, we believe we are the only company in the world focused on producing photovoltaic modules on a commercial scale using CIGS on a flexible plastic substrate with overall integration.
We use CIGS as a semiconductor material because at the laboratory level, it has a higher efficiency in demonstrating battery conversion than amorphous silicon (“a-Si”)
And cadmium chloride“CdTe”).
We also believe that CIGS and-
Including: CIGS and-Si:Although a-
Like CIGS, Si can be deposited on flexible substrates, and its conversion efficiency is usually much lower than that of CIGS, which is significantly lower when exposed to UV light, including natural sunlight.
To mitigate this degradation,-
Si solar cells need to implement measures to increase the cost and complexity of the manufacturing process.
CIGS and CDP: Although the cd-crystalline module has achieved conversion efficiency that is usually comparable to that of CIGS in production, we believe that the cd-crystalline has never been successfully applied on a commercial scale to a flexible substrate.
We believe that the use of cdcd on rigid, transparent substrates such as glass makes it unsuitable for many applications.
We also believe that CIGS can achieve higher conversion efficiency than CD in production.
Our choice of substrate material makes us further differentiate from other thin film photovoltaic manufacturers.
We believe that the use of flexible, lightweight, insulated substrates that are easier to install provides an obvious advantage for our target market, especially where rigid substrates are not suitable.
We also believe that our use of flexible plastic substrates provides us with a significant cost advantage as it enables us to use holistic integration technology on larger components, we believe that the manufacturer metal substrates using flexible substrates.
Therefore, we are able to significantly reduce the number of parts, thus reducing the need for expensive back-end assembly of inter-unit connections.
As far as we know, as the only company focused on the commercial production of photovoltaic modules using CIGS on flexible plastic substrates with overall integration, we believe we have the opportunity to solve the problems of consumer electronics, defense, aerospace, transportation, off-grid, portable power and other weights
Sensitive market with high quality, value-added product application of transformation.
It is these same unique features and our overall manufacturing process that enable us to produce consumer goods that make our consumer goods very strong, lightweight and flexible.
We believe that we have many competitive advantages that make us more competitive than our competitors.
We are a pioneer in CIGS technology, with proprietary, flexible, lightweight, and efficient photovoltaic film products that enable us to penetrate into a wide range of high value-added markets such as consumer goods, power Grid, portable power, transportation, defense, aviation and other markets.
By applying CIGS to flexible plastic substrates, we have developed an efficient, lightweight and flexible PV module;
Have the highest powerto-
Weight ratio of-
Commercial solar energy of scale.
Electronic components such as electronic packaging, housing and accessories, as well as national defense portable power systems, integrated transportation applications and space and near
Space solar application solutions are an important high-end market for the company.
Compared to our film competitors, we believe that our advantages in film CIGS plastic technology provide us with superior products in these strategic segments.
We have the ability to manufacture photovoltaic modules for different markets and custom applications without changing the production process.
We are able to produce photovoltaic modules at the same time in custom shapes and sizes or multiple shapes and sizes without interrupting the production process, this gives us the flexibility to address target markets and product applications, allowing us to respond quickly to changing market environments.
Many of our competitors are limited by technology and/or manufacturing processes and only have limited product opportunities.
Our integrated volumeto-
The roll manufacturing process and proprietary integrated technology provide us with potential cost advantages compared to our competitors.
Historically, manufacturers have formed photovoltaic modules by making separate solar cells and then connecting them to each other.
Our big format volumeto-
The roll manufacturing process allows continuous production of the integration.
In addition, our proprietary monolithic integration technology allows us to create interconnect using laser patterned, thus creating photovoltaic modules while creating photovoltaic cells.
In doing so, we are able to reduce or eliminate the entire back-end processing steps, saving time and labor and manufacturing costs relative to our competitors.
The 4 ContentsOur lightweight, powerful, and durable solar panels offer a performance advantage over our competitors.
The weight and shape of the product are important for consumer applications, and we are able to integrate our PV modules into portable packages and chassis, provides a lightweight and durable solution for all the portable electronics of the customer.
Our proven R & D capabilities enable us to continue to develop the next generation of PV modules and technologies.
Our ability to produce CIGS-based PV modules on flexible plastic substrates is the result of collaborative R & D efforts that began more than 20 years ago.
We continue to work on research and development and strive to improve the efficiency of our current PV modules, as well as on next-generation technologies and other applications.
Our manufacturing process can be divided into two different functions;
Front-end module manufacturing process and back-end packaging process.
We are able to produce finished unpackaged CIGS material volumes for shipment to customers worldwide for packaging and integration into a wide range of products, which enhances our cooperation with international and domestic partners
Marketing and Marketing Strategy 2012, we shift our strategic focus from large utility projects and roof applications to consumer goods and high
The value of the professional solar market.
This new strategy allows us to take full advantage of the unique advantages of our technology, including flexibility, durability, and the appeal of weight and area performance.
In addition, it enables us to offer unique, differentiated solutions in large markets with less competition and more attractive prices.
In the second half of 2012, we launched the EnerPlex series for personal power supplies, portable solar solutions and accessories.
This is a major paradigm shift for us, allowing us to move into the realm of providing complete consumer product solutions, rather than commercial solar modules in a strict sense.
We will also continue to focus on special solar applications that can make the most of the unique performance of our award-winning CIGS technology.
Includes aerospace, defense, emergency management and consumer/OEM applications.
On February 2017, Ascent announced the suspension of our EnerPlex consumer business, the sale of the EnerPlex brand and associated intellectual property and trademarks to our battery product suppliers, in order to better allocate resources, and continue to focus on its core strength in the field of high-tech
Special photovoltaic market.
Ascent no longer produces or sells Enerplex-
Brand consumer goods focused on its PV business.
Ascent will continue to supply solar photovoltaic products for energy™Products, thereby supporting their continued growth through Ascent\'s proprietary and rewardswinning thin-
Thin film solar technology and products.
Ascent\'s future strategic marketing efforts will focus on commercializing our proprietary solar technology
Value of photovoltaic vertical industry: I.
Public sector: Defense and Emergency Management.
Aerospace: space and fixed wing of UAVIII. Commercial Off-
These strategic vertical industries include a customer base that is highly valued for lightweight, high-performance, and durable portable power solutions.
The value proposition of Ascent\'s proprietary solar technology not only meets the needs of these vertical industry customers, but also overcomes many of the obstacles other solar technologies face in these unique markets.
Ascent has the ability to design and develop finished products for end users in these areas and to work with strategic partners for fixed-wing UAVs.
Ascent believes that in these vertical industries, there is a large overlap in the needs of end users, and economies of scale can be achieved in the commercial procurement, development and production of products for these customers.
5 Content table Ascent\'s solar module integration with HyperSpace, near space and aerial vehicles
Lightweight and flexible solar modules are an important market opportunity for the company.
Customers in this market have always asked solar module suppliers to provide a high level of durability, high voltage and conversion efficiency, and we believe our products are well suited to compete in this high-end market.
In May 2014, together with our partners, Silent Eagle drone technology, aviation, we announced the success of the first mass production version of the Silent Falcon™Unmanned Aircraft System, by Ascent\'s super
Lightweight and flexible photovoltaic modules.
July 2014, our ultra-
Pioneer space technology has chosen light, flexible PV modules for its NASA Small Business Innovation Research Project.
NASA plans to develop an economical, lightweight alternative to existing and emerging high
High cost solar cell array
Power space applications.
We expect that opportunities in this area will grow rapidly due to the extensive development, testing and evaluation processes of our customers.
On March 2016, the company announced a major breakthrough in our high-tech technology.
The voltage overlight module realizes the power supply-to-
The weight ratio of 1,700 watts per kilogram in the AM0 environment.
On December 2016, Ascent was discovered by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (\"JAXA\")
As part of the next round of assessments to provide solar technology for the upcoming Jupiter mission and to handle additional tasks.
The decision was made after an earlier round of investigations, and the results were encouraging, during which the company\'s flexible, single-integrated CIGS solar modules stood the test of extreme environmental conditions and continued
In the first phase of the JAXA assessment, the PV of Ascent was successfully tested below-146°C (-231°F)
Up to 190 °C (+374 °F)
In Earth orbit, only 4% of the sun is received.
In addition, JAXA also performed radiation and mechanical tests on the PV of Ascent.
In 2017, we continue to consolidate our position in space and nearby. space markets;
These challenging requirements and environments allow to take full advantage of the unique nature and advantages of our lightweight, flexible overall design
Integrated cigs pv.
Through continuous work in the field of photovoltaic
In the UAV field, Ascent has made significant progress in high-power photovoltaic power generation
Airships and next-
Space Applications.
Ascent received a high supply in January 2017
Ultra-thin voltage
Movie cigs pv blanket.
These 50 W, fully laminated flexible blankets are manufactured using a new process for near-
In space conditions at high temperatures, the custom design facilitates modular integration into series and parallel configurations to achieve the required voltage and current required for such applications.
On November 2017, Ascent completed the third order of JAXA for customized PV products specially designed for the upcoming solar sail deployment demonstration project.
The project consists of a small test unit and a large test unit aged 19.
5 cm x 30 cm overall-
Integrated modules, all in very thin 25-micron (0. 001 inch)
The plastic substrate is half the thickness of the substrate produced by standard product Ascent. In space, near-
In space and unmanned aerial vehicle applications, photovoltaic substrates account for a large part of the overall quality of the product;
Photovoltaic construction on the new 25 th
Micron substrates are a major breakthrough for these markets.
JAXA placed the order after obtaining the expected experimental results from previous shipments and subsequent electrical, mechanical and environmental tests. The 19.
The 5 cm x 30 cm module is a custom design that matches the expected deployment mechanism and photovoltaic layout of the final Jupiter spacecraft.
Also on 2017, Ascent reached a new order with another repeat space customer, creating a new micro
Module, about 12. 8mm x 50mm (0. 5in x 2. 0in)
Ideal size for both Laboratories
Scale environmental testing and integrate into flight experiments for follow-up.
The second R & D 2015 Award was awarded at 100 Ascent Solar, and the 2015 award was awarded for the development of the MilPak platform
Solar power generation and storage devices.
The MilPak platform is one of the most robust but lightweight power generation and storage solutions available, both of which are achieved by using Ascent\'s CIGS technology.
We believe that the military market has a unique set of requirements that are very suitable for our products.
When integrated with fabric to reform
Deploying arrays, our efficient, robust and lightweight modules allow soldiers to minimize battery load, reduce the use of conventional fuels, and increase safety by simplifying fuel transport operations, offer a front-
Production line units with maximum flexibility and help improve operational efficiency.
We are also trying to expand the foldable range of outdoor solar chargers such as XD-12 and the XD-
48, ideal for a single soldier or a row of larger power needs, the ability to string several Chargers together.
Regardless of the local infrastructure, our modules can also provide reliable renewable energy in remote areas.
We will continue to enter the military market through partnerships with top system providers, provision of government service administrative supply notices and direct sales and other package procurement agreements with the government.
6 contentstranspor integrates PV tables, or integrates our flexible solar modules with vehicles such as commercial trucks, buses, trains and passenger cars, is another segment that represents significant opportunities.
Thanks to its flexible form factor and durable, lightweight features, our modules can be installed on the outside of various vehicles to provide complementary power without significantly affecting the vehicle\'s aerodynamics, weight, or aesthetics
We are currently working with a number of integrators and OEMs to develop effective value-added solutions for this market.
In the third quarter of 2017, Ascent Solar demonstrated its extensive capabilities at the US Special Operations Command (\"SOCOM\")
Exclusive Technology Experiment (\"TE\")17-
Three events are held in Washington, DC.
The task of SOCOM is by the Ministry of Defense (\"DoD\")
Special operations units (\"SOF\")
Have the latest combat technology;
To support this effort, SOCOM sponsored the annual TE event.
In July of 2017, SOCOM required companies proficient in the field of satellite communications to participate (\"SATCOM\")
Unattended Ground Sensors (\"UGS\")for a TE event.
More than 30 companies have been selected to participate, and Ascent Solar is one of only two companies that do not actually produce SATCOM or UGS products.
Ascent Solar is chosen on the basis of recognizing that one of the major issues facing the Defense Department today is powering all their war technologies.
Various lines rising
Robust and lightweight portable solar products provide the MoD with the potential to generate unattended, continuous power, which can save lives and improve operational efficiency.
Ascent is honored to be selected to participate, and the evaluation scores we receive indicate the ability to \"have a large potential for SOF use and a small limit.
In the third quarter of 2018, Ascent Solar was once again selected at SOCOM exclusive TE 18-
Three events are held in Washington, DC.
In July of 2018, the Special Operations Command required the participating companies to have the ability to monitor and reconnaissance in the field of intelligence (ISR)
Small drone systems (SUAS)
Mobility of TE activities.
More than 50 companies have been selected to participate, and Ascent Solar is one of the two selected companies for the second consecutive year.
We continue to provide PV modules to our strategic partners to support them in the development, testing and certification of new integrated PV products, including product testing at several US branchesS. military.
We believe that our high power density flexible solar modules can bring new applications to solar power generation.
By building mutually beneficial partnerships and strategically infiltrating the above markets, we plan to change the landscape of solar power generation with truly innovative end products.
We have shifted our strategic focus from large utility projects in the traditional solar market.
We believe that our film, integrated CIGS technology as a whole enables us to offer stylish, lightweight, robust, and high-performance solutions as other films and c-
Si company appeared.
The field of film manufacturers includes a variety of technology platforms at different stages of development and consists of a number of small and medium-sized companies.
The traditional market for grid-connected photovoltaic products is mainly composed of large c-
Although the film technology on the glass has begun to appear in the main participants.
We expect that while these large manufacturers may continue to dominate the market with their silicon-based products, film manufacturers may take an increasing share of the market, it can be clearly seen from the success of the first solar energy (CdTe)
And Solar Frontier (CIGS)
It is one of the top 20 global producers.
In 2016, liquid crystal silicon photovoltaic technology accounted for more than 90% of global market revenue, accounting for 93% of global output, and film technology accounted for global revenue.
About half of the film production is the production of cadmium te, and the other half is in CIGS and-Si.
We believe our modules have unique advantages.
Their flexibility, low density (
Quality per unit area)
And high specific power (
Unit mass power)
Enable weight use-
Portable power supply, surface of shape-keeping aircraft, long flight at high altitude (HALE)
A fixed wing lighter than air (LTA)
Vehicles and space applications that are not suitable for glassbased modules.
Innovative Product Design, customer-centric development, and our rapid prototyping capabilities produce modules that can be integrated into almost any product to create renewable energy.
Compared to glass or other flexible modules, our products have a competitive advantage, and they are unique compared to the competitive products.
7 Content table we define consumer and portable power spaces as solar solutions included in sub-devices
Single tile range (i. e.
Solar energy for remote sensors)
Until the power range of several hundred watts (i. e.
Outdoor solar charger for camping, military or outdoor work).
Competitors in the consumer sector include companies that design and distribute solar charging solutions but outsource manufacturing.
Including zero target, V hit,-
Solar, Solio, PowerTraveller, solar components and RDK Products.
Common in these products are single silicon or polysilicon solar technology.
Other competitors in the field include thin
Thin film solar manufacturer providing complete products under company name or brand.
These companies include P3 solar, PowerFilm, Trony and the nearest Alta equipment.
We believe that our differentiated technologies help deliver competitive solutions for individuals and portable solar and non-solar in emerging markets
Solar charging solution.
We intend to continue to invest in R & D in order to provide short-term improvements to our manufacturing processes and products, as well as identifying next-generation technologies related to our existing and potential new markets.
We spent about $2 during the 2018 and 2017 period. $8 million and $4.
8 million of R & D costs, including R & D costs related to government contracts, and manufacturing costs incurred in developing product lines and manufacturing processes.
Our technology was originally developed in ITN in 1994.
At the beginning of 2006, ITN assigned us certain cigs pv-
Specific technologies and grant us a permanent, exclusive, royalty-free global license to use these technologies in the manufacturing, development, marketing and commercial processes of cigs pv to produce solar energy.
In addition, some proprietary process and control techniques existing and future in ITN, although not specific to cigs pv, are assigned to us.
ITN reserves the right to R & D activities related to photovoltaic materials, and we agree to grant licenses to ITN to improve licensed technology and intellectual property rights outside of the field of cigs pv.
We protect our intellectual property rights through the combination of trade secrets and patent protection.
We have the following patents and published patent applications: published patents and registrations. US Patent No.
7,271,333. entitled \"thin production equipment and methods
Thin film photovoltaic module \"(
Issued in September 18, 2007)2. US Patent No.
7,812,247 entitled \"flexible photovoltaic arrays with integrated wiring and control circuits and their related methods \"(
Released on October 12, 2010; (co-
With PermaCity Corporation)3. US Patent No.
8,021,905 entitled \"machines and processes in multiple order
Sub-layer deposition of copper Indium Gallium two selenium compound semiconductor \"(
Issued in September 20, 2011)4. US Patent No.
8,124,870 entitled \"systems and processes for double-sided collection and tandem connection using thin film photovoltaic equipment \"(
Issued in February 28, 2012)5. US Patent No.
8,207,442 entitled \"Strengthening structure and related methods of substrate for thin film photovoltaic devices \"(
Issued in June 26, 2012)6. US Patent No.
8,426,725 entitled \"devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(
Issued in April 23, 2013)7. US Patent No.
8,465,589 entitled \"machines and processes in multiple order
Sub-layer deposition of copper Indium Gallium two selenium compound semiconductor \"(
Issued in June 18, 2013)8. US Patent No.
D697, 502 entitled \"case of mobile electronic devices \"(
Issued in January 14, 2014)9. US Patent No.
8,648,253 entitled \"machines and processes for continuous, continuous deposition of semiconductor solar absorbers with variable semiconductor components \"(
Issued in February 11, 2014)10. US Patent No.
8,716,591 entitled \"monolithic integrated thin film photovoltaic cell arrays and their related methods \"(
Issued in May 6, 2014)11. ECD No. 001429773-
0001 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)12. ECD No. 001429773-
0002 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)13. ECD No. 001429773-
0003 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)14. ECD No. 001429773-
0004 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)15. ECD No. 001429773-
0005 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)16. ECD No. 001429773-
0006 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)17. ECD No. 001429773-
0007 entitled \"case of mobile handheld electronic equipment \"(
Issued in February 6, 2015)
8 Contents Table 18. ECD No. 002732123-
0001 entitled \"portable battery charging device \"(
Issued in July 7, 2015)19. ECD No. 002732123-
0002 entitled \"portable battery charging device \"(
Issued in July 7, 2015)20. ECD No. 002732123-
0003 entitled \"portable battery charging device \"(
Issued in July 7, 2015)21. ECD No. 002735159-
0001 entitled \"portable energy storage and distribution devices \"(
Issued in July 10, 2015)22. ECD No. 002735159-
0002 entitled \"portable energy storage and distribution devices \"(
Issued in July 10, 2015)23. ECD No. 002735159-
0003 entitled \"portable energy storage and distribution devices \"(
Issued in July 10, 2015)24. ECD No. 002735159-
0004 entitled \"portable energy storage and distribution devices \"(
Issued in July 10, 2015)25.
US patent 9,147,783, entitled \"equipment and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(
Issued in September 29, 2015)26. KR Patent No. 30.
0860220 entitled \"devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(
Issued in October 13, 2015)27. KR Patent 10-
1561453 entitled \"devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(
Issued in October 13, 2015)28. US Patent No.
9,209,322 entitled \"multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(
Issued in December 8, 2015)29. US Patent No.
9,219,179 entitled \"multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(
Issued in December 22, 2015)30. CN Patent No.
ZL 201530237203
Entitled \"photovoltaic-
Portable power system based on full integration \"(
Issued in February 10, 2016)31. TW Patent No.
The I526630 is entitled \"subtraction hinges and related methods \"(
Issued in March 21, 2016)32. US Patent No.
9,349,905 entitled \"mix more
Photovoltaic cells and related methods \"(
Issued in May 24, 2016)33. TW Patent No.
I536592 entitled \"photovoltaic modules and related methods (
Issued in June 1, 2016)34. KR Patent No. 30-
0860220 entitled \"photovoltaic-
Fully integrated portable equipment based on Power Control \"(
Issued in June 16, 2016)35. CN Patent No.
ZL 201180067131
6 entitled \"devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(
Issued in August 10, 2016)36. CN Patent No. ZL201380012566.
X entitled \"subtraction hinges and related methods \"(
Issued in August 24, 2016)37. US Patent No.
9538671 entitled \"housing and power supply system for batteries\"
Operation device and related methods (
Issued in January 3, 2017)38. US Patent No.
D781, 228 bag-
Photovoltaic size-
Portable power system based on full integration (
Issued in March 14, 2017)39. US Patent No.
9601650 entitled \"machines and processes for continuous, continuous deposition of a semiconductor solar absorber\" with variable semiconductor components deposited in multiple sub-layers (
Issued in March 21, 2017)40. US Patent No.
9634175 system and method entitled \"heat pipe height\"
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate (
Issued in April 25, 2017)41. US Patent No.
9640706 entitled mixed
Photovoltaic cells and related methods (
Issued in May 2, 2017)42. US Patent No.
9640692 flexible photovoltaic arrays with integrated wiring and control circuits and their related methods (
Issued in May 2, 2017)43. US Patent No.
9653635 High entitled flexible
Voltage Adaptive Current photovoltaic modules and related methods (
Issued in May 16, 2017)44.
Taiwan patent number
I583810 system and method entitled \"heat pipe height\"
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate (
Issued in May 21, 2017)45.
Swiss patent number
2742535 entitled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in July 26, 2017)46. EPC Patent No.
2742535 entitled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in July 26, 2017)47.
French patent no.
2742535 entitled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in July 26, 2017)48.
UK patent number:
2742535 entitled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in July 26, 2017)
Content Table 49.
German patent number602012035034.
Titled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in July 26, 2017)50.
Taiwan patent number
I595674 entitled multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate (
Issued in August 11, 2017)51. US Patent No.
9780242 entitled \"multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(
Issued in October 3, 2017)
Patent applications have been announced 1.
\"Flexible photovoltaic arrays with integrated wiring and control circuits and related methods \"(US 12/901,963)(
Submitted on October 11, 2010)(co-
With PermaCity Corporation)2. “Cd-
Preparation of free oxide buffer layer for thin film CIGS solar cells by chemical solution deposition method \"(US 13/227,935)(
Submitted on September 8, 2011)3.
\"Systems and processes for double-sided collection and tandem connection using thin film photovoltaic equipment \"(US 13/406,376)(
Submitted on February 27, 2012)4.
\"Multi-layer thin film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(US 13/572,387)(
Submitted on August 10, 2012)5.
\"Multi-layer thin film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(
PCT/us2016/050398)(
Submitted on August 10, 2012)6.
\"Multi-layer thin film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(CN 201280047345. 1)(
Submitted on August 10, 2012)7.
\"Devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(EP 11804861. 0)(
Submitted on December 13, 2011)8.
\"Devices and methods for hybrid photovoltaic devices with multiple stacked heterogeneous semiconductor junctions \"(CN 201180067131. 6)(
Submitted on December 13, 2011)9.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods (US 13/783,336)(
Submitted on March 3, 2013)10.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods (
PCT/US 2013/28, 929)(
Submitted on March 4, 2013)11.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods (CN 201380012566. X)(
Submitted on March 4, 2013)12.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods (EP 13758462. 9)(
Submitted on March 4, 2013)13.
\"Battery housing and power supply system-
Operation equipment and related methods \"(US 13/802,713)(
Submitted on March 14, 2013)14.
\"Battery housing and power supply system-
Operation equipment and related methods \"(US 13/802,719)(
Submitted on March 14, 2013)15.
\"Battery housing and power supply system-
Operation equipment and related methods \"(
PCT/US2013/34988)(
Submitted on April 2, 2013)16.
\"Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(US 14/038096)(
Submitted on September 26, 2013)17.
\"Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(
PCT/US2013/62355)(
Submitted on September 27, 2013)18.
\"Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(CN 201380060351. 5)(
Submitted on September 27, 2013)19.
\"Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(EP 13840976. 8)(
Submitted on September 27, 2013)20. “Flexible High-
Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(US 14/041,886)(
Submitted on September 30, 2013)21. “Hybrid Multi-
Photovoltaic cells and related methods \"(US 14/100,960)(
Submitted on December 9, 2013)22.
\"Battery housing and power supply system-
Operation equipment and related methods \"(
PCT/US2013/74936)(
Submitted on December 13, 2013)23.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(US 14/150,376)(
Submitted on January 8, 2014)24.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(
PCT/US2014/10867)(
Submitted on January 8, 2014)25.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(CN 201480004408. 4)(
Submitted on January 8, 2014)
Table 26 of 10 contents.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(EP 14738271. 7)(
Submitted on January 8, 2014)27.
\"Multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(PCT/US15/20184)(
Submitted on March 12, 2015)28.
\"Monolithic integrated thin film photovoltaic cell array and related methods \"(14/252,485)(
Submitted on April 14, 2014)29.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods \"(EP 13758462. 9)(
Submitted on March 4, 2013)30.
\"Photovoltaic modules and related methods \"(EP 13840976. 8)(
Submitted on September 27, 2013)31.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(CN 201480004408. 4)(
Submitted on January 9, 2014)32.
\"High Heat Pipe-
Temperature process on a temperature sensitive substrate \"(EP 14738271. 7 )(
Submitted on January 9, 2014)33.
\"Multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(US 14/932,933)(
Submitted on November 4, 2015)34. “Photovoltaic-
Portable power system based on full integration \"(PCT/US16/12047)(
Submitted on January 4, 2016)35. “Photovoltaic-
Portable power system based on full integration \"(US 14/987,214)(
Submitted on January 4, 2016)36.
\"The system and process are collected in different faces and connected in series with a thin
Thin film photovoltaic devices \"(US 15/099,835)(
Submitted on April 15, 2016)37. “Photovoltaic-
Portable power management and network system based on full integration \"(PCT/US16/25647)(
Submitted on April 1, 2016)38. “Photovoltaic-
Portable power management and network system based on full integration \"(US 15/089,028)(
Submitted on April 1, 2016)39.
\"The same method for photovoltaic devices and manufacturing \"(CN 201610416638. 2)(
Submitted on December 13, 2011)40.
\"Multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(US 15/258,169)(
Submitted on September 7, 2016)41. “Hybrid Multi-
Photovoltaic cells and related methods \"(US 15/137,696)(
Submitted on April 25, 2016)42.
\"Machines and processes for continuous, continuous deposition of semiconductor solar absorbers with variable semiconductor components deposited in multiple sub-layers \"(US 15/584,241)(
Submitted on May 2, 2017)43.
\"Multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(GB 12759843. 1)(
Submitted on August 10, 2012)44.
\"Multi-layer film
Film back contact system for flexible photovoltaic devices on polymer substrate \"(
Wopct/US16/58933)(
Submitted on October 26, 2016)45.
\"Subtraction hinges and related methods \"(US 15/673,283)(
Submitted on August 9, 2017)
Ascent Solar has Trademark Applications and Registrations for slogans and product family names in the United States and around the world, such as wave Sol, MilPak and changing daily life.
Under national law, the markings listed above may include™Or®Symbol.
Suppliers we rely on several non-affiliated companies to provide certain raw materials used in the manufacturing of our photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic integrated electronics.
We purchase these materials in accordance with the purchase order and have not entered into a long-term purchase quantity commitment with the supplier, although we may enter into such contracts in the future.
Despite the existence of alternative suppliers of similar materials, we currently acquire all our high temperature plastics from one supplier.
We buy the composition molybdenum, copper, indium, gallium, selenium and indium tin oxide from various suppliers.
We are also currently identifying and negotiating arrangements with alternative material suppliers in the US and Asia.
The manufacturing equipment and tools used in our production process are purchased from various suppliers in Europe, the United States and Asia.
Although we have a good relationship with existing equipment and tool suppliers, we monitor and explore opportunities to develop alternative sources to reduce manufacturing costs.
11 employee satisfaction tables 31, 2018, we have 22 full-time employees.
In October 2005, ITN separated its advanced PV department from all key personnel and core technologies in the department and established HistoryWe.
ITN is a private company founded in 1994 and is an incubator dedicated to the development of thin film, photovoltaic, battery, fuel cell and nanotechnology.
ITN developed proprietary processing and manufacturing knowledge by working on R & D contracts for private and government entities
How to apply to photovoltaic products, especially CIGS photovoltaic products.
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